Top 10 home remedies to clean gilded silver from the blackness at home quickly and effectively to prevent fading and shine, cleaning gilding with stones, silverware, wristwatches

One of ways improve the appearance of the product - gilding. The technology is universal, suitable for cutlery, jewelry, and other items. The decorative coating protects the precious metal from damage. But its color gradually changing, becoming darker. You have to find a way to clean up gilded silver. If cared for in a timely manner, it can increase its lifespan.

How gilded silver is made. Why gilding turns black

The coating is characterized by a minimum thickness of no more than 2 microns. This was made possible by the development of a technology called electroplating. In this process, the product is immersed in a solution together with a fragment of gold. When the electric current is passed through, the yellow metal ions are electrodeposited onto the silver. This is facilitated by the proper choice of electrolyte. Previously, cyanide solution was used. However, it was very harmful and contained a dangerous substance. Later, the method was improved, and a non-cyanide electrolyte was used.

The gilded silver assay does not change. For example, if you want to coat alloy 925, then even after electrodeposition of yellow metal ions, the main characteristics remain the same. The gilded silver assay is 925. But the coating protects the jewelry from darkening only for a limited period. Causes of appearance blackness:

  • contact with sweat against the background of illness, taking medications, excessive physical activity;
  • exposure to cosmetics, detergents;
  • storage rules violation - in a room with high humidity;
  • damage: where there are scratches, the patina on the silver appears faster.
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How gilded silver is made. Why gilding turns black
Blackened gilded jewelry

What kind of silver to choose to clean less often

Ag is a soft metal that quickly loses its original shape and color. It needs to be carefully cared for, often polished and cleaned from contamination. To reduce costs (time, physical), different methods are used. One of them is gilding, but even in this case, the silver may darken in areas where the coating has been thinned.

It is recommended to choose a precious metal with the least amount of ligature. For this purpose, consider alloys 925, 960.

The absence of identifying features on gilded silver most often indicates that the product is of poor quality. Most likely, it is costume jewelry. It will quickly lose its shape. Such a thing will not last long. But sometimes the lack of a hallmark indicates that the item was repaired. To determine whether or not your jewelry is worthy of attention, you can contact a jeweler.

How to clean the gilding on silver so that it does not fade. Preparing your jewelry for cleaning

 Items of complex configuration (watches, bracelets, chains) it is better to disassemble if possible. It is advisable to perform such actions if there are hangers. They are removed, because in the areas where the links are attached coating is darker in the first place (exposed to mechanical stress). Then continue to prepare for cleaning, as you need to remove grease stains, dust:

  • treatment with a lint-free rag, use microfiber, flannel: a dry method is welcome, but most surface dirt can not be removed, so it is acceptable to slightly moisten the rag;
  • application of alcohol or turpentine - the method is used if the gilded silver has difficult stains.
How to clean gilding on silver
Cleaning of gilded silver

Top 10 recipes, what and how to clean the gilding from the black at home quickly and effectively to shine

When a person begins to wear jewelry, in the first few days it becomes clear how the product will behave: some leave marks on the skin, darken the metal, while others - no change. If gold blacken immediately, it means that the body secretes special substances, it is unlikely to wear such jewelry. Or you will have to clean it daily. gilded silver. In this case, the coating will thin very quickly and will have to be restored. If, however, the gilded silver is well tolerated, you can continue to wear it, removing dirt from time to time.

The average service life of the gilding on silver items is 2 years, the length of the service life depends directly on the conditions of use, exposure to negative factors and, most importantly, on the mechanical load. Sometimes the gilding is preserved for a longer period, and in some cases it does not last even a year.

Soap solution

Deciding how to clean the gilding, most often turn to a simpler, time and proven means - soapy water. For its preparation you will need:

  • bar soap;
  • water - 1 liter;
  • rags;
  • Plastic, glass or ceramic containers - for cleaning jewelry, use containers made of materials that will not react to the components or ligature in the silver alloy/gold.
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Top 10 best ways, what and how to clean silver with stones at home quickly and effectively, cleaning from blackness, to shine

To effectively to clean gilded silver at home, follow the sequence:

  1. Grate bar soap on a grater.
  2. Pour water into a container, then add shavings. You can take any amount, and you need to get a solution with a high soapiness.
  3. For cleaning, it is advisable to choose a cloth without lint, borders, scars or other decorative elements - they can damage the coating.
  4. Start polishing the jewelry by soaking the cloth in the solution, but without pressure, as pressure increases the friction force and thus thinning the gilding. You can soak the piece. Thirty minutes is enough to dissolve the dirt.
  5. They wash it under the tap.
Cleaning jewelry with water
Cleaning jewelry in soapy water

Toothpaste

Unlike uncoated silver alloys, gold-plated metal cannot be cleaned, even with a soft toothbrush. The slightest scratch can cause the surface layer to become more damaged. Instructions for cleaning blackened jewelry:

  1. Apply a small amount of toothpaste to the rag. It is better to use a flannel, as it will not damage the gold plating. When choosing a toothpaste buyer should pay attention to the composition: you should not buy a whitening agent with abrasive properties.
  2. Polishing by making circular motions.
  3. Wash off the cleaner with tap water.

Salt and soda solution

If gold-plated items have had time to darken since purchase, a solution consisting of two components is used:

  • salt;
  • soda.

Prescription:

  1. Heat water (200 ml).
  2. Toss in the salt, baking soda - 1 tsp.
  3. When the components dissolve, the liquid cools to room temperature.
  4. Immerse jewelry in the solution and soak for 20-30 minutes. You can use it for polishing: moisten a rag that does not have decorations on it. This method provides faster results, but probably not all the dirt will come off.
  5. The gilded item is rinsed with water.
Salt and soda solution
Salt and soda solution for cleaning gold-plated jewelry

Lemon juice or wine vinegar

Acids are used in different ways because they provide different results. For example, if you have wine vinegar at home, it is enough to soak a rag in it, and then polish the thing. Care for silver jewelry with gilding is provided with the help of citric acid, for this purpose prepare:

  • The active ingredient itself - 15 g;
  • 500 ml of water;
  • enameled pot.
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Prescription:

  1. The liquid is heated.
  2. Throw in citric acid.
  3. When the water comes to a boil, the vessel is removed from the stove, and the gilded ornament is thrown in.
  4. After 15 minutes, take it out, rinse it with water.

When hot water is used, do not wash the item immediately with cold water under the faucet. Temperature extremes are undesirable for gilding. Wait until the silver has cooled.

Sugar

Sweet water is prepared. This is one of the most unusual but effective cleaning methods gilded silver in at home. Instructions:

  1. Sugar (2 tbsp.) dissolved in water (1 cup).
  2. And the liquid can be warm during the preparation of the solution, but it must be cooled to room temperature before immersing the gilded metal objects.
  3. It is enough to hold the thing in the glass for 3-10 minutes.
  4. It is rinsed with clean water.

The object should be rinsed thoroughly so that it is not sticky to the touch after drying. It is then wiped with a dry cloth.

Beer

The product is recommended to use when you need to clean products that are lightly soiled. It is enough to immerse them in a glass of beer. Leave the jewelry for half an hour, if necessary - for 40 minutes. At the last stage, it is necessary to rinse them with water, dry them.

Top 10 recipes, what and how to clean the gilding from the black at home quickly and effectively to shine
Cleaning gold-plated jewelry in beer

Egg

If the gilded objects have had time to blacken, you can remove the stains in different ways, using a chicken egg:

  1. Protein. It must be separated from the yolk. To do this, carefully make a hole in the shell on one side. Soak a rag in white, polish the object. The product allows you to return the yellowing of the gilding, which has gradually blackened since the purchase, and at the same time returns the shine.
  2. Yolk. It is whipped if possible. Add oxalic water - 1 tbsp. per 1 yolk. Wipe the gilded silverware with the mixture. When you manage to clean it, remove the rest of the remedy under the faucet.

Ammonia and soap

Prepared:

  • soap;
  • ammonia - a few drops;
  • water - 1 liter;
  • ceramic, glass container;
  • rags.

If your jewelry is peeling, you should take it to a jeweler for restoration, but it is better not to let this happen. It is advisable to periodically clean the gilding from the blackness, using a remedy:

  1. The chips are prepared in advance. You need a bar soap, grind it on a grater. Prepare the solution by mixing water, soap and ammonia. Thanks to the last of the components, the coating, which has already been washed, will be cleaned and begin to shine.
  2. Soak darkened items in the solution for half an hour.
  3. Wash with clean water.
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Ammonia and soap
Ammonia and soap for cleaning jewelry

Alcohol and turpentine

Many people mistakenly combine these substances to obtain a potent remedy. You should not use a solution in such a composition. When it comes to alcohol and turpentine, it is supposed to choose one of the options to prepare a piece with gilding for cleaning with a mild agent. A rag is moistened in the substance, and then the jewelry is wiped.

Hydrogen peroxide

The substance is combined with other components. It is best to mix hydrogen peroxide with ammonia, the recommended ratio is 2:1. Soak soiled items in such a solution: spoons, forks, bracelet, earrings, cross, etc. After 20-30 minutes, you can rinse them with water and dry them. But you should be prepared for the fact that the item will leave stains of a different nature - a manifestation of the aggressive action of peroxide. It is necessary to first apply a small amount of the substance to the inner side of the silver object.

Table: Semi-professional cleaning products. Cost

There are quite a number of remedies that have been developed to preserve the appearance of jewelry. We need to consider not only how to clean the gilding at home, but also choose products from the range of products for cleaning jewelry:

Product nameCost, rubles.
Unicum230
Alladin380
HG860
Beilliance-Connoisseurs300

Such preparations can be used to clean jewels bought on the Sokolov website or any other, as well as those made tens or hundreds of years ago (during the Soviet Union or Tsarist Russia).

Semi-professional jewelry cleaning products
Jewelry Cleaning Products

Why Silver and Gold Ways Don't Work

Silver, gold, and precious metal plating are materials with different properties. Even gold plating can behave differently than gold, due to the thinness of the surface layer, the combination with Ag. When remedies designed for one kind of metal are used improperly, jewelry is often damaged in this way.

You should choose a universal semi-professional means, the label should indicate that the product is suitable for cleaning gold and silver.

How to clean gilded silver at home quickly and efficiently with stones

Most hand tools are usually recommended for cleaning certain items. If your jewelry has a stone (pearl, emerald, fianite, etc.), you should not soak such items or clean with baking soda to keep them shiny rather than cloudy. Toothpaste, boiling water, as well as acids and alkalis are other options that can harm the inlays on your jewelry. When choosing how to clean gold-plated silver, you should consider the most appropriate options:

  • Soap solution: dissolve the detergent in a warm liquid, rub the silver object with gilding, then rinse with water;
  • Semi-professional special preparations: when choosing, one should read the composition. If you need to remove the darkening of jewelry with stones, you should consider not only means for silver and gold (universal), but above all purchase those that have a label which says that it is acceptable to take care of the stones on the jewelry.
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How to clean gold-plated silver cutlery: spoons, forks, knives

Given that jewelry, like cutlery, is made of the same alloy (most often 925) and the coating is gold, you can use the same remedies as for jewelry. Turpentine will help bring back the luster of tableware. It is enough to moisten a cotton pad with it, and then treat the entire surface of each instrument.

How to clean a gold-plated watch

Gentle methods:

  • dry cleaning - performed with a lint-free rag;
  • Wet treatment - soak a cotton pad in water, remove excess water, wash the watch case;
  • toothpaste - apply only on a flat surface, as it can get between the links of the bracelet, where the product will be difficult to remove.

When none of the methods worked, polish the watch with WD40 lubricant.

How to clean a gold-plated watch
Gold-plated Watch

Question and answer section

Is gilded silver costume jewelry?

Opinion of an expert
Pribrezhny Gennady Valentinovich
6th class jeweler
If the item is made of noble metal, it cannot be considered costume jewelry. Such jewelry belongs to the precious, because most often it is made of jewelry alloy 925.

What do I do if my gilding is peeling?

Opinion of an expert
Mikhail Petrovich Grishanov
Jeweler, Director of Grishanov & Co.
Gradually, the yellow coating will wear off, and silver will show through in some places. This is a reason to call a jeweler to restore the surface layer. If this result is a consequence of improper cleaning, it is still possible to save the item. The jeweler will remove the rest of the coating and apply a new layer.

How much does a jeweler's cleaning service cost?

Opinion of an expert
Pribrezhny Gennady Valentinovich
6th class jeweler
Much depends on the region and the rates of the master himself. They also take into account the type of item and the type of metal. Taking the initial data into account, the jeweler chooses the method of cleaning the item. But most often, the cost of such a service is 200-300 rubles.

How to clean gold-plated spoons from the blackness at home?

Opinion of an expert
Andrey Seleznev
Chemical-technologist of the plant "Krasny Oktyabr" Volgograd
Items with a flat surface (like cutlery) are easiest to clean using toothpaste, but it will take time. When deciding how to care for gilded silver, they choose soapy water and turpentine. Even ammonia, saline, and soda solutions are a good solution. The latter options are even preferable, because you can soak all contaminated objects in a liquid agent.
How to clean gold-plated silver cutlery: spoons, forks, knives
Gold-plated silver cutlery

How to clean a gold-plated chain, a gift from my husband?

Opinion of an expert
Pribrezhny Gennady Valentinovich
6th class jeweler
It is recommended to use solutions. Paste-like substances can remain on the areas of complex configuration, as the gold-plated chain has many links. It is acceptable to use a remedy based on ammonia, soda, salt, beer. Protein and toothpaste are not the best choice in this case.

Does 925-gold-plated silver rub off or not?

Opinion of an expert
Andrey Seleznev
Chemical-technologist of the plant "Krasny Oktyabr" Volgograd
Any coating tends to thin and fade over time. This also applies to gilding. Its thickness is 1-2 microns. This is a small value, so it is not recommended to often expose the product to mechanical stress.

Gold-plated silver earrings with diamonds, how to clean?

Opinion of an expert
Mikhail Petrovich Grishanov
Jeweler, Director of Grishanov & Co.
Stones in jewelry are almost always cleaned with mild cleaning agents (soapy water). However, diamonds are hard, so it is permissible to remove impurities with fine powders. But they can accidentally damage the gilding, so you should still choose pastes or solutions.

Recommendations for the care and storage of gold-plated silver jewelry

Tips to help increase lifespan gilded jewelry:

  • Do not store them in a room with high humidity;
  • Keep gold-plated items away from heat sources;
  • You can't wear these things while jogging or doing sports at the gym;
  • If you plan to cook food, you should also remove the gilded items;
  • It is recommended to keep this kind of jewelry separately from the rest in a closed case or casket;
  • Jewelry is cared for using the dry or wet cleaning method.
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Top 10 best ways, what and how to clean the silver chain at home from the black quickly and effectively to shine

Video: How to effectively clean gold-plated silver at home without damaging the coating

Jeweler's tips

Molokanov N.M.
Molokanov N.M.
Jeweler, experience in jewelry manufacturing 26 years.
Mistakes are often made when storing gold-plated jewelry:

- put in cardboard boxes;
- leave it together with the gold.

In both cases, metal oxidation will occur. For example, some types of cardboard release sulfur, and this is one of the main negative factors affecting precious metals. Gold can vary in composition, which means the ligature will interact with other substances that contain other jewelry nearby. This, too, will lead to a change in appearance.
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